Basic occupational health and safety trainings in Ceyhan OSGB are given in accordance with the regulation on the procedures and principles of occupational health and safety training of employees.
EMPLOYEES’ OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY TRAININGS
REGULATION ON PROCEDURES AND PRINCIPLES
1-) The employer, regarding the occupational health and safety training of the employees;
- a) Preparation and implementation of programs,
- b) Provision of suitable places, tools and equipment for the trainings,
- c) Employees’ participation in these programs,
ç) It ensures that a certificate of participation is issued for the participants at the end of the program.
2-) The employer informs the other employer, with whom the temporary employment relationship is established, about the issues in the first paragraph of Article 16 of the Law; The employer with whom a temporary employment relationship is established ensures that the necessary training is given to its employees on these issues.
3-) In workplaces where the principal employer-subcontractor relationship is established, which is specified in the seventh paragraph of Article 2 of the Labor Law dated 22/5/2003 and numbered 4857, the main employer is responsible for the training of the employees of the subcontractor together with the subcontractor.
4-) The employer, in the workplaces in the dangerous and very dangerous class; Employees who come from other workplaces to work cannot be recruited without a document proving that they have received training containing sufficient information and instructions regarding the health and safety risks to be encountered in the works to be carried out.
Occupational health and safety trainings
1-) The employer ensures that occupational health and safety trainings are given to its employees in a way that includes at least the subjects specified in Annex-1.
2-) The employer, before the employee actually starts working, ensures that the employee is primarily trained on the issues that include the risks specific to the workplace and the workplace, and protection measures.
3-) Trainings on risks that may arise due to situations such as workplace or job change, change of work equipment, application of new technology are given separately.
4-) The trainings given in accordance with the first paragraph are repeated at the following regular intervals, taking into account the changing and emerging risks:
- a) At least once a year in workplaces classified as very dangerous.
- b) At least once every two years in workplaces in the dangerous class.
- c) At least once every three years in workplaces in the less dangerous class.
5-) An employee who has had a work accident or has an occupational disease is given additional training on the causes of the accident or occupational disease, ways of protection and safe working methods before starting to work on his return to work.
6-) Persons who have been away from work for more than six months for any reason are given information renewal training before starting to work again.
Training of groups requiring special policy and employees with special duties
1-) Necessary trainings are given taking into account the characteristics of groups requiring special policies, such as young employees who have completed the age of fifteen but not completed the age of eighteen, and those who require special policies, such as the elderly, disabled, pregnant or breastfeeding employees.
2-) Support staff and employee representatives are also given training on the subjects they will be assigned to.
Cost of education and time spent in education
1-) The cost of occupational health and safety training cannot be reflected on the employees. Training time considers as working time.
1-) Employees participate in occupational health and safety trainings within the framework of the training programs put into practice, apply the knowledge gained during the trainings in their work and transactions and follow the instructions on this subject.
Preparation of training programs
1-) The employer ensures and approves the preparation of the annual training program showing the training activities to be organized during the year.
2-) Opinions of employees or their representatives are taken in the preparation of training programs.
3-) In case of new employments or new risks due to changing conditions, an addition to the annual training programs is made.
4-) In the event that the relevant legislation changes or new risks arise due to working conditions, employees are provided with appropriate training regardless of the annual training program.
5-) In the annual training program, the subject of the training to be given, the dates on which it will be held, the duration of the training, who will attend the training, the aim and purpose of the training are included.
Training periods and subjects
1-) The trainings to be given to the employees, within the periods determined during the employment of the employees and during the continuation of the work;
- a) At least eight hours for less dangerous workplaces,
- b) At least twelve hours for dangerous workplaces,
- c) At least sixteen hours for very dangerous workplaces arranged for each employee.
2-) In the distribution of the training periods specified in the first paragraph according to the subjects in Annex-1, the activities carried out in the workplace are taken as basis.
3-) Although it is essential to evaluate the training periods as a whole, they can also be evaluated in different time periods, taking into account the shifts and similar work schedules in the workplace in the form of four hours and its multiples.
Basic principles of education
1-) In order for the training to be efficient, care is taken to select the subjects that the trainees need. The training is organized theoretically and practically in a way that employees can easily understand.
2-) Trainings can be given to employees individually or in groups.
3-) It is essential that the knowledge, skills, behaviors and attitudes of the employees regarding occupational health and safety are presented separately and in a measurable manner.
4-) With a method determined by the employer, the individual level is determined and the trainings that the employees should receive, apart from the pre-training level and the subjects in Annex-1, are determined.
5-) Occupational health and safety trainings; It aims to change the behavior of the employees towards occupational health and safety and to make the employees understand the importance of the information conveyed in the trainings.
6-) At the end of the training given, measurement and evaluation are made. According to the results of the evaluation, it is determined whether the training is effective and if necessary, changes are made in the training program or the trainers or the training is repeated.
7-) With the exception of the occupational health and safety trainings to be given to the employees before they start working, the general subjects specified in the first part of Annex-1 can be given in the form of distance education if the employer establishes a necessary and sufficient system.
Persons and organizations that can provide training
1-) Occupational health and safety training of employees;
- a) By occupational safety experts and occupational physicians in the workplace,
- b) Employees, employers and public servants organizations or educational foundations established by these organizations and jointly established training centers, universities, training units of public institutions, professional organizations in the nature of public institutions, educational institutions authorized by the Ministry and joint health and safety units,
It is given on the condition that the trainers are determined according to the subjects included in the training program in Annex-1, taking into account their areas of expertise.
Qualifications of the place where the training will be given
1) The trainings are held in a suitable and sufficient place that will allow the practices to be carried out.
2) Appropriate thermal comfort conditions and adequate lighting are provided in training venues.
3) It is ensured that the tools and equipment to be used in education are compatible with the technology of the day.
Certification of trainings
1) The trainings organized are documented and these documents are kept in the personnel files of the employees. The document to be issued after the training includes the name, surname, job title of the person participating in the training, the subject of the training, the duration, the name, surname, job title, signature and date of the training.
2) If the training is given by an institution outside the workplace, the title of this institution is also included in the certificate issued.
TABLE OF EDUCATIONAL SUBJECTS
- General topics
- a) Information on labor legislation,
- b) Legal rights and responsibilities of employees,
- c) Workplace cleanliness and order,
- ç) Legal consequences arising from work accident and occupational disease
- Health issues
- a) Causes of occupational diseases,
- b) Application of disease prevention principles and prevention techniques,
- c) Biological and psychosocial risk factors,
- d) First Aid
- Technical issues
- a) Chemical, physical and ergonomic risk factors,
- b) Manual lifting and handling,
- c) Protection from flash, explosion, fire and fire,ç) Safe use of work equipment,
- d) Working with display tools,
- e) Electricity, its hazards, risks and precautions,
- f) The causes of work accidents and the application of protection principles and techniques,
- g) Safety and health signs
- ğ) Use of personal protective equipment,
- h) Occupational health and safety general rules and safety culture,
- i) Evacuation and rescue