OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE SERVICE
Who provides the occupational medicine service?
Occupational medicine service is provided by physicians who are authorized by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security and have a certificate of Occupational Medicine.
What does the occupational medicine service cover?
1.1. To guide the employer regarding the health surveillance of employees and the surveillance of the working environment within the scope of occupational health and safety services.
1.2. To make suggestions to the employer in order to ensure that the design of the workplace, the planning, organization and implementation of the work, including the substances used, and the selection of personal protective equipment, regarding the work done and changes to be made in the workplace, are carried out in accordance with the occupational health and safety legislation and general occupational health rules.
1.3. To advise the employer on the activities necessary to improve the health of employees in the workplace.
1.4. Participating in research in the field of occupational health and safety, taking into account the physical and mental capacities of the employees in terms of ergonomic and psychosocial risks in the conduct of the work, making researches to ensure the harmony between the work and the employee and to protect them from stress factors in the working environment, and to consider these research results in guidance activities.
1.5. To advise the employees on the nutritional needs and appropriate drinking water required by the work carried out, by constantly monitoring and supervising the general hygiene conditions of the workplace buildings and annexes, including the canteen, dining hall, dormitory, nursery and breastfeeding rooms, and changing rooms, showers and toilets.
1.6. To investigate the causes of work accidents and occupational diseases that occur in the workplace and to make suggestions to the employer by working on the measures to be taken to prevent their recurrence.
1.7. To investigate the causes of incidents that have the potential to harm the employee, equipment or workplace even though they do not cause death or injury, and to make suggestions to the employer.
1.8. To inform the employer in writing about the measures to be taken regarding occupational health and safety.
- Risk assessment
2.1. Participating in the work and implementation of risk assessment in terms of occupational health and safety, making suggestions to the employer about the health and safety measures to be taken as a result of the risk assessment and following up.
2.2. Close follow-up and protection of groups requiring special policies such as pregnant or breastfeeding women, those under 18 years of age, those with a diagnosis or pre-diagnosis of an occupational disease, those with chronic diseases, the elderly, the disabled and those with alcohol, drug and drug addiction, and those who have had more than one work accident. to take it under control, to inform and to take special consideration in the risk assessment to be made.
- Health surveillance
3.1. To inform the employees about the employment and periodic examinations and examinations to be carried out within the scope of health surveillance and to obtain their consent.
3.2. Performing health surveillance of workers, including night shifts.
3.3. Considering the personal characteristics of the employee, the hazard class of the workplace and the nature of the work, in line with the results of the risk assessment made in the workplace with international standards;
3.3.1. At least once every five years in workplaces in the less dangerous class,
3.3.2. Every three years at the latest in workplaces in the dangerous class,
3.3.3. At least once a year in workplaces in the very dangerous class,
Periodic inspection is repeated once. However, these periods are shortened if the workplace doctor deems it necessary.
3.4. To arrange the results of the employment and periodic health examination and necessary examinations indicating that the employees are suitable for the job they will do, in accordance with the sample given in the regulation and to keep them in the workplace.
3.5. To prepare a report by carrying out the necessary health examinations for the appropriate job placement of employees such as groups requiring special policy, those diagnosed or pre-diagnosed with an occupational disease, chronic disease, substance abuse, and those who have had more than one work accident, To repeat the health examinations of other employees in the working environment.
3.6. To determine whether there is a relationship between absenteeism from work due to health problems and health hazards that may occur in the workplace, to plan measurements related to the working environment when necessary, to submit to the approval of the employer, and to evaluate the results in terms of the health of the employees.
3.7. To submit to the approval of the employer, by recommending that those who are found inconvenient to work in their previous job be given a task suitable for their current health status, by carrying out a return to work examination upon their return to work after the employees have been away from repetitive work due to health reasons.
3.8. In addition to the prevention and immunization studies for the control of communicable diseases, to give the necessary hygiene training, to ensure that the necessary examinations and examinations are carried out.
3.9. To record the work related to health surveillance in the workplace, to evaluate work accidents and occupational diseases in cooperation with the occupational safety specialist, to prepare the necessary preventive action plans by examining and researching to prevent the repetition of the dangerous event, and to prepare the annual work plan including these issues and submit it to the employer’s approval. To follow up the practices and to prepare the annual evaluation report in accordance with the sample specified in the regulation.
- Education, information and registration
4.1. Working on the planning of occupational health and safety training of employees in accordance with the relevant legislation, presenting it to the employer’s approval and making or controlling its applications.
4.2. To organize the first aid and emergency response services in the workplace and to provide the training of the personnel, to carry out the works in line with the relevant legislation.
4.3. To provide training to the managers, to the members of the occupational health and safety committee, if any, and to the employees on general health, occupational health and safety, hygiene, the harms of the use of addictive substances, personal protective equipment and collective protection methods, and to ensure the continuity of the training.
4.4. Informing the employees about the risks in the workplace, health surveillance, employment and periodic examinations.
4.5. To prepare the annual evaluation report, in which the results of occupational health and safety studies and health surveillance are recorded, in cooperation with the occupational safety expert, in accordance with the example in the regulation.
- Cooperation with relevant units
5.1. According to the results of the health surveillance, to propose the necessary measurements within the scope of the surveillance of the working environment in cooperation with the occupational safety specialist, to evaluate the measurement results.
5.2. To work in cooperation with the occupational health and safety committee of which it is a member, if any.
5.3. To cooperate with the relevant parties to provide information and training on occupational health and safety issues in the workplace.
5.4. Participating in the development of programs for the improvement of existing practices, such as the analysis of work accidents and occupational diseases, programs for the improvement of work practices, and the evaluation and testing of new technology and equipment in terms of health.
5.5. To work in cooperation with hospitals authorized to issue health board reports on occupational diseases in accordance with the Regulation on Working Power and Loss of Profitability in Occupation, and to cooperate with relevant units in the rehabilitation of employees who have had a work accident or have an occupational disease.
5.6. Participating in research in the field of occupational health and safety.
5.7. To contribute to the occupational safety specialist in the preparation of occupational health and safety instructions and work permit procedures to be used where necessary.
5.8. To prepare the annual work plan, which includes the activities related to occupational health and safety to be carried out in the next year, together with the occupational safety specialist.
5.9. To support the work of the employee representatives and support staff in the workplace and to cooperate with these people.